Measure the space available for your garden. If you have a lot of space and are having doubts about the size, start small and expand as you get more experience. Remember to plan for access spaces and walkways for weeding and harvesting. You may need a fence against dogs, cats, rabbits or other animals.
Draw a map showing the location of your crops. Arrange your crops by crop family
and height. You do not want your tomatoes shading your herbs. Tall plants and trellises should be on the north side. Perennial crops (i.e. rhubarb, small fruits) should be planted to the sides, so they will not interfere with annual tilling.
When allocating space for different crops, take into consideration that each plant will grow. Small seeds turn into large plants, so allow space for you to access the mature plant. Picking tomatoes, for example, requires hand and knee access. See the individual articles about crops for information about spacing and mature plant size.
Use a different colour pencil for each crop family
to colour your planting map. Using the same colour code each year will help you keep track of your crop rotation